Loud Dhikr

How many times have you heard wahabis aka pseudo-salafis claiming that loud dhikr is bid’ah or that they would react negatively by saying a’udhubillah for instance when hearing loud dhikr? Personally, i’ve had the unfortunate chance of coming across such delusions many a time.

The floowing is a response to this issue:

1.
Loudness in dhikr
The Prophet praised a man who was awwah — literally: one who says ah, ah! — that is: loud in his dhikr, even when others censured him. Ahmad narrated with a good chain in his Musnad (4:159) from `Uqba ibn `Amir: “The Prophet said of a man named Dhu al-bijadayn: innahu awwah, He is a man who says ah a lot. This is because he was a man abundant in his dhikr of Allah in Qur’an-recitation, and he would raise his voice high when supplicating.”

Allah said of the Prophet Ibrahim: “Verily, Ibrahim is awwah and halim” (9:114, 11:75), that is, according to Tafsir al-jalalayn: “Crying out and suffering much, out of fear and dread of his Lord.” [halim = merciful, gentle.] The Prophet prayed to be awwah in the following invocation: rabbi ij`alni ilayka awwahan, “O Allah, make me one who often cries out ah to you.” Narrated by Tirmidhi (book of da`awat #102, hasan sahih), Ibn Majah (Du`a’ #2), and Ahmad (1:227) with a strong chain [Yahya ibn Sa`id al-Qattan < Sufyan al-Thawri < Shu`ba < `Amr ibn Murra < `Abd Allah ibn al-Harith < Taliq ibn Qays al-Hanafi < Ibn `Abbas] with the following wording:

The Prophet used to supplicate thus: “O my Lord! help me and do not cause me to face difficulty; grant me victory and do not grant anyone victory over me; devise for me and not against me; guide me and facilitate guidance for me; make me overcome whoever rebels against me; O my Lord! make me abundantly thankful to You (shakkaran laka), abundantly mindful of You (dhakkaran laka), abundantly devoted to You (rahhaban laka), perfectly obedient to You (mitwa`an ilayks), lowly and humble before You (mukhbitan laka), always crying out and turning back to You (awwahan muniban)!….”

http://www.sunnah.org/ibadaat/dhikr.htm

2.
Loud Dhikr
Bukhari narrated that Abu Huraira (r) reported that the Prophet (s) said, “If My servant mentions Me in himself, I will mention him in Myself. If he mentions Me in a group, I will mention him in a group in My presence.” We understand from this hadith that to mention Allah in a group indicates loud dhikr. Some scholars determined from this that using loud dhikr is permitted.

Bukhari narrated in his book of hadith, that Ibn ‘Abbas (r) said, “In the time of the Prophet (s) the people used to raise their voices in Dhikr.”

Bukhari narrated in his book of hadith, that Abu Ma’bad (r), the freed slave of Ibn ‘Abbas (r), said: “Ibn ‘Abbas told me, ‘In the lifetime of the Prophet (s), it was the custom to celebrate Allah’s praises aloud after the obligatory congregational prayers.'” Ibn ‘Abbas (r) continued, “When I heard the Dhikr, I would know that the congregational prayer had ended.”

Imam Ahmad, Abu Dawud and Tirmidhi related that as-Sa’ib (r) preported that the Prophet (s) said, “Jibril came to me and ordered me to order my Companions to raise their voices in takbir.”

It is narrated by Bukhari and Muslim and mentioned by Jalaluddin as-Suyuti, from other collections, that ‘Ali bin Abi Talib (r) said, “I asked the Prophet (s) one time, ‘O Messenger of Allah, guide me to the shortest way to Allah’s Presence, and the easiest way to worship, and the best way for Allah, Almighty and Exalted. The Prophet (s) said, ‘O ‘Ali, you have to be continuously making Dhikrullah, silently and aloud.’ I replied, ‘O Prophet (s), all human beings are making dhikr. Give me something special.’ The Prophet (s) said, ‘O ‘Ali, the best of what I, and all prophets before me, said is, la ilaha illallah. If all the heavens and earth were placed on one side of the balance and la ilaha illallah were placed in the other, la ilaha illallah would be heavier. Judgment Day will never come as long as there are people on this earth saying la ilaha illallah.’ Then I said, ‘How should I recite.’ The Prophet (s) said, ‘Close your eyes and listen to me reciting la ilaha ill-Allah three times. Then you say it three times and I will listen to you.’ Then the Prophet (s) said it and I repeated it in a loud voice.”

In the narration of Imam Ahmad and Tabarani this hadith is continued, describing how the Prophet taught his Companions the dhikr. “‘Ibada bin Samit said that the Prophet (s) said, ‘Is there any stranger among you?’ And we said, ‘No, Ya Rasul-Allah.’ He said, ‘Close the door.’ Then he said, ‘Raise your hand and repeat after me La ilaha illallah’ We raised our hand and said, la ilaha illallah. Then the Prophet (s) said, ‘Praise be to Allah that He sent me to this world with this kalimah, and He ordered me with it, and He promised me the Paradise with it, and He never changes His Promise.’ Then the Prophet (s) said, ‘Be happy! Allah has forgiven you.'”

Jalaladin as-Suyuti mentioned in an article called “Natijat al-Fikr fi Jahri-dh-Dhikr,” the Benefits of Loud Dhikr, twenty-five authentic hadiths which mention doing loud dhikr.

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